John Speller's Web Pages Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railroad

John Speller's Web Pages - US Railroads
Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railroad
The main force behind the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railroad was John Alexander Collins (1815-1878) who had come from Stafford, England in 1825 and worked as a locomotive engineer before coming to Ohio in 1851. Organized as Cincinnati and Hamilton Railroad Company, under special act, March 2, 1846 , to construct a railroad from Cincinnati to Hamilton, Ohio; corporate title changed by act dated February 8, 1847, to Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton Railroad Company; additional powers conferred by act of March 15, 1849, to extend line of road from Hamilton to Dayton. This company leased in perpetuity, on May I, 1863, the Dayton and Michigan Railroad, and on February 18, 1869, the Cincinnati, Richmond and Chicago Railroad. During the winter of 1872-73 it also obtained possession of the Cincinnati and Indianapolis Junction Railroad, extending from Hamilton via Connersville to Indianapolis. In 1865, the CH&D allied with the Atlantic & Great Western (later the Erie Railroad), providing access to New York and other eastern points, and the Ohio & Mississippi Railroad, linking Cincinnati and St. Louis through Indiana and Illinois. From Dayton to Cincinnati the road was used for the trains of the Atlantic and Great Western, so the track was constructed with four rails, to accommodate the 4 feet 10 inches and the 6 feet gauges, and with an ample mileage of side and terminal tracks. It is interesting that the CH&DRR chose the option of laying four rails rather than the more usual three-rail "mixed gauge" arrangement. The CH&DRR was taken over by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in 1917.
Map of the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railroad in 1903
The CH&DRR's old North Side Depot in Cincinnati, one of several stations replaced by the magnificent Cincinnati Union Station in the 1930s
CH&DRR train in Deschler station in around 1890
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