Designed by Matthew Holmes (1844-1903), who was Locomotive Superintendent of the North British Railway from 1882 to 1903, the "C" Class goods 0-6-0s (LNER Class "J-36") were both the most plentiful and the longest lived class of NBR locomotives. A total of 168 of them were built between 1888 and 1900, 138 of them at the NBR's Cowlairs Works, 15 by Neilson & Company, and 15 by Sharp, Stewart & Company. Twenty-five of them were requisitioned by the Railway Operating Division for service overseas in World War I and these were honored by the North British Railway on their return by being named as follows:
605 St Quentin
661 Ole Bill
123 of the locomotives survived into British Railways' ownership, and No. 65288 and No. 65345, withdrawn on 5 June 1967, were the last two steam locomotives in Scotland in normal service. No. 673 Maude, withdrawn in 1966, was preserved and has been repainted in its original NBR goods livery of black lined out in straw.
The "C" Class had 5 ft. 0 in. driving wheels, and two 18 in. by 26 in. inside cylinders, with Stephenson valve gear, which with a boiler pressure of 165 psi gave them a tractive effort of 19,690 lb.
|Preserved "C" Class locomotive No. 673 Maude at Bo'ness in April 1994. This shows the locomotive in its later form with the safety valves on top of the firebox and Reid cab with side windows. Image © copyright Ron Hann and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence ||
|No. 673 in Works Gray as built in December 1891, with the safety valves on the dome and the original Holmes cab