John Speller's Web Pages Kilmarnock & Troon Railway

John Speller's Web Pages - G&SWR

Kilmarnock & Troon Railway
In 1807, William Bentinck, Marquess of Titchfield and later the Fourth Duke of Portland, commissioned William Jessop to engineer a railway between his collieries at Kilmarnock and the harbor at Troon on the Ayrshire coast. The enabling Act was passed in 1808, and the 4 ft. 0 in. gauge line, 9 miles 6 chains in length, and costing 40,000 opened with horse-drawn transportation in 1811. In 1817 it became the first locomotive-hauled railway in Scotland when George Stephenson supplied its first steam locomotive at a cost of 750. As one Victorian commentator noted, "Mr. Stephenson's locomotives did not well agree with Mr. Jessop's plate rails," but the railway was later strengthened to take steam locomotives and all was well thereafter. The locomotive, which was similar to Stephenson's "Killingworth" engine, worked until 1848 before being broken up. In 1846 the line was leased for 999 years to the Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock & Ayr Railway, precursor of the Glasgow & South Western.
Stephenson's Patent "Killingworth" Locomotive. The one supplied to the Kilmarnock & Troon Railway in 1817 is said to have been similar
Map of the Kilmarnock & Troon Railway
Laigh Milton Viaduct, Kilmarnock & Troon Railway. Photograph courtesy of Wikipedia Commons
One of the original stone blocks supporting the Kilmarnock & Troon tramway. Image courtesy of Wikipedia Commons
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