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Alfred de Glehn
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Alfred George de Glehn (1848–1936) was son of Robert von Glehn, who came from Estonia and went into exile in Britain during the Russian colonial period during the nineteenth century. His mother came from Scotland. The young Alfred von Glehn studied mechanical engineering at King's College, London, and then moved to France in 1868, changing his name from von Glehn to de Glehn -- the rest of the family changed their names to de Glehn in outrage after the Germans seized Alfred de Glehn's house in Mülhouse, Alsace in 1917. Alfred de Glehn worked for the Société Alsacienne de Constructions Mécaniques (SACM) and was the leading French steam locomotive designer of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, specializing in finely crafted four-cylinder compound locomotives.
de Glehn 4-cylinder No. 2.674 4-4-2 of the Chemin de Fer du Nord. Image courtesy of Wikipedia Commons
de Glehn 4-cylinder compound "Atlantic" No. 102 "La France," purchased by the Great Western Railway of England in 1903. The locomotive displays the kind of fine machining skills that I. K. Brunel learned under Abraham-Louis Breguet in France and which Charles Babbage tried in vain to find in England for constructing his Difference Engine.
Alfred George de Glehn (1848–1936)
de Glehn 4-cylinder compound 2-10-0 "Decapod" built for Alsace-Lorraine State Railways. Image courtesy of Wikipedia Commons
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