John Speller's Web Pages Brighton, Croydon and Dover Joint Committee

John Speller's Web Pages - SE&CR
Brighton, Croydon and Dover Joint Committee Untitled Untitled Untitled Untitled
Owing to the difficulty of keeping separate accounts when their lines were so interconnected, from 1842 the London & Croydon Railway pooled its locomotive stock with the SER, to form the Croydon and Dover Joint Committee. From March 1844 the L&BR joined the scheme and the locomotives were thereafter operated by the Brighton, Croydon and Dover Joint Committee, which also ordered further locomotives. The locomotive headquarters was at New Cross. These arrangements, however, caused operating difficulties for the Croydon and the Brighton companies, so in April 1845 they gave notice of withdrawal from the Joint Committee in January 1846, when the locomotives were divided between the three companies. Two Croydon engines were assigned to the South Eastern, No. 5 “London” built by Sharp & Co. (Works No 25), 1839, cylinders 13" x 18", and No. 7 “Hercules” built by Sharp & Co. (Works No. 37), 1839, cylinders 14" x 18", so these were taken over by the SER on the dissolution of the Joint Committee in 1846.

In 1845 John Gray (1810-1854), previously Locomotive Superintendent of the Hull & Selby Railway, and a locomotive engineer of undoubted genius, was appointed Locomotive Superintendent of the Croydon Dover and Brighton Joint Committee, which then operated the pooled locomotive fleets of the London and Croydon Railway, the South Eastern Railway and the London and Brighton Railway. On the dissolution of this committee and the formation of the London Brighton and South Coast Railway in 1846 Gray was appointed Locomotive Superintendent at Brighton works. During September 1845 he had ordered 14 2-2-2s of his design from Timothy Hackworth at Shildon, but late delivery because of Gray's constant alterations to the design resulted in his dismissal from Brighton in 1847. David Joy, the Chief Draughtsman of E. B. Wilson & Co., developed the "Jenny Lind" 2-2-2 class of locomotive from John Gray's 2-2-2 design for the Brighton Railway.

Map of the railways of south-east England in 1840
No. 5 "London," one of the two locomotives that came to the South Eastern Railway from the London & Croydon Railway on the dissolution of the Joint Committee
"Jenny Lind," one of the locomotive masterpieces of the mid-nineteenth century, developed by David Joy from John Gray's design for the Brighton Railway
John Gray (1810-1854), M.I.Mech.E., Locomotive Superintendent of the Brighton, Croydon & Dover Joint Committee
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