Headquartered at York, with its locomotive works at Darlington, the North Eastern Railway formed the largest constituent of the London & North Eastern Railway at the Grouping of 1923. It could also claim to be, through its subsidiary the Stockton & Darlington Railway of 1825, the world's oldest public railway. Its main line between Doncaster and Berwick-on-Tweed was part of the east coast main line, but the major part of the North Eastern's traffic came from a massive spider's web of mineral lines shipping iron and coal from mines all over the north east of England.
Ceramic map of the North Eastern Railway in about 1900. Image courtesy of Wikipedia Commons
The graceful curves of York station in a photograph of around 1890
Worsdell "T" Class 0-8-0 No. 2116. Image courtesy of Wikipedia Commons
Worsdell "S-1" Class 4-6-0 No. 2111. Image courtesy of Wikipedia Commons