John Speller's Web Pages Manchester Exchange Railway Station

John Speller's Web Pages - L&NWR
Manchester Exchange Railway Station LNWR Untitled
Victoria was Manchester's earliest rail terminus, serving the Liverpool & Manchester Railway. After 1844, however, the London & North Western Railway was forced to share Victoria station with the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway, and wanting a station to itself once more, the LNWR built Manchester Exchange station alongside Victoria station, and the new terminus opened for traffic on 30 June 1844. Although it is an exchange station, Manchester Exchange actually took its name from the nearby Royal Exchange building. Having a separate station became less important after 1921, when the LNWR merged with the L&YR, and when passenger traffic began to decline after World War I. The station finally closed on 5 May 1969.

As well as the services from Liverpool Lime Street, some services were run from London Euston to Manchester Exchange as an alternative to Manchester London Road. From 1884 until 1943 the Great Western Railway also ran competing services via Chester and Warrington to Manchester Exchange, again as an alternative to the services via Nantwich and Crewe to Manchester London Road.

Railway Clearing House Junction Diagram of Manchester showing the location of Manchester Exchange Railway Station. Click here to enlarge
Interior of Manchester Exchange Railway Station on 27 July 1966, showing BR Standard Class 5-MT No. 73144 (fitted with Caprotti valve gear) passing through with a goods train. Image copyright Ben Brooksbank and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons License
Exterior of Manchester Exchange Railway Station and statue of Oliver Cromwell. A postcard view of circa 1910
Another postcard view of circa 1910, showing the approach to Manchester Exchange Railway Station, the statue of Cromwell and Manchester Cathedral
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